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Title: Effects of Population Growth and Urban Development on Wetlands in Kampala City: A Case of Kansanga Wetland
Authors: Kwesiga, Maximus
Keywords: Population Growth
Urban Development
Issue Date: Oct-2008
Publisher: Kampala International University, Master Of Science in Environmental Management and Development
Abstract: This study on the "Effects of population growth and urban development on the Kansanga wetland" aimed to determine the historical trends of population growth rate and urban development of Kampala, determine the integrity of Kansanga wetland for the past 10 to 15 years, establish the activities of the population and how they affect the wetland, and analysed the effects of population growth and urban development on the wetland. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were used where 84 respondents were sampled in the study which included KCC officials, the wetland occupants, NEMA officials and the area district environmental officer. Out of the 84 only 46 respondents returned filled questionnaires and 20 were interviewed making a total of 66 respondents. The findings indicate that Kansanga wetland is highly encroached by the increasing population of Kampala City, urban development and urban human activities as the major threats to Kansanga wetland, greatly affecting the wetland's size, biodiversity, integrity and productivity. The study findings confirmed the disappearance of some of the species that formally existed in this wetland which included the sitatunga and the Typha sp (cat tails).The size of the wetland was also found to have been modified by 88% compared to 58% by NBS (2000) and the estimated current size under intact wetland vegetation is only 0.54 km2 out of 4.54 km2 of the original size. Among the major recommendations were that the government, NEMA, the lead or responsible ministry and other private conservation organisations should purchase plots from the wetland from the landlords who got leases before the Constitution (1995) and establish the entire wetland as wildlife refuge, sanctuary, or special conservation area. This will preserve the wetland in its natural state and protect it from destructive human development activities. Decentralization of services to overcome the rural urban migration and promotion of contraceptive use to check the population growth among others. This can be done through the enactment and implementation of policies and laws, which address the issues revealed through this study.
Description: A Dissertation Submitted to the School of Postgraduate Studies in Partial fulfillment of the Requirement for the Award of a Degree of Master Of Science in Environmental Management and Development of Kampala International University
Appears in Collections:Masters of Science in Environmental Management

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