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Title: Prevalence of schistosomiasis among patients attending Kilembe Mines Hospital In Kasese District
Authors: Ngobi, Umaru
Keywords: Schistosomiasis
Kilembe Mines Hospital
Kasese District
Issue Date: Dec-2017
Publisher: Kampala International University, School of Allied Health Sciences
Abstract: Introduction: Schistisomiasis is one of the most serious prevalent diseases worldwide and it remains a life-threatening public health problem in many developing countries particularly in rural communities.The study was aimed at determining the prevalence of schistisomiasis among patients attending General Out Patient Department (GOPD) Kilembe Mines Hospital in Kasese district. Methods: A retrospective-cross sectional descriptive study was carried out where, semi-structured questionnaires were used to generate data on expose risk factors. The data was analyzed using SPSS-version 20 to generate frequency, median and proportions. Binary logistic regression model was used to perform both bivariate and multivariate analysis to obtain crude and adjusted odds ratios for the associated factors of schistisomiasis. Statistical significance was considered at p-value ≤0.05. Results: The prevalence of 5(2.5%) schistisomiasis infection was obtained out of 200 patients studied at the hospital. The participants who didn’t boil water for drinking were 1.13 times more likely to be infected 4(2.5%) compared to those who boiled drinking water1(2.4%), this was statistically significant (OR=1.13, 95% CI; 1.079-6.120).The males participants were more infected 3(3.3%) compared to female. Additionally, those who lacked latrines at home were also at a higher risk of being infected 3(3.1%) as compared to those who had, although these factors were not statistically significant. Conclusions: Drinking unboiled water was a major significant risk factor for occurrence of schistisomiasis among the studied participants. There is need for continuoushealth education, sensitization about schistisomiasis and periodic school-based and community based drug distribution. This will help to reduce the prevalence and morbidity of schistisomiasis among these communities.
Description: Research report submitted to the School Of Allied Health Sciences in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of a Diploma in Clinical Medicine and Community Health of Kampala International University, Western Campus
Appears in Collections:Diploma in Clinical Medicine and Community Health(DCM)

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